This handout on Willa Cather’s story, “Paul Case,” begins with an analysis of the teenager Paul, the story’s protagonist. An examination of its plot follows, in which Cather develops those who oppose Paul, with his own personality being his greatest antagonist. Cather employs flashbacks, contrastive settings, irony, and symbolism, particularly of flowers, since like Paul they are delicate and easily subject to destruction. All of these aspects of the story stress its theme, Paul’s growing alienation and his feeling of being harassed. He becomes an emotional tinderbox, a harbinger of those alienated youths whom we have recently become so shocked by through their wanton on- and off-campus tragic rampages. Almost one-hundred-years-old, “Paul’s Case” is a story that has retained its painful relevance. My handout, which has blanks that your students can fill in, may be used as a homework assignment or as an in-class activity. An answer key is provided on a separate page at the end of the handout. Prepared by Professor William Tarvin, Ph.D., who has published many articles on literature in scholarly journals.