At the end of World War I, American President Woodrow Wilson offered the world what he believed to be the chance to prevent future wars. This lesson plan explores Wilson's "Fourteen Points" in a way that not only builds content knowledge, but also gives students practice close reading an informational text primary source.
In this lesson, students will consider the causes of wars, potential ways to prevent wars, and the impact the passage of time has had on each of those considerations; use multiple readings to analyze a primary source informational text (Wilson’s Fourteen Points speech); collaborate with peers to interpret the speech; code and text-mark the speech to categorize the themes behind the Fourteen Points; paraphrase and summarize one of Wilson’s Fourteen Points; figuratively or literally illustrate one of Wilson’s Fourteen Points; make an assertion regarding the main idea of Wilson’s Fourteen Points and use textual evidence to support that assertion; and evaluate the success of Wilson’s post-war plan and support the argument with historical and contemporary examples.
This lesson is aligned with the Common Core (CCSS) and National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) Standards. It also includes accommodations for English Language Learners (ESOL, EFL, ESL), exceptional education (ESE), and gifted students, as well as an answer key.