To understand the plight of the Continental Army during the winter of 1777-1778.
1 and 1/2 class periods
Give each student a copy of pages 37A - 37C.
Read with the class the background information and the four primary source reading selections.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 1:
From the journal of Private James Martin, describing conditions in the Continental Army as the soldiers marched to Valley Forge.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 2:
From the journal of Dr. James Thacher, reporting on camp conditions and the leadership of General George Washington.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 3:
From the diary of Surgeon Albigence Waldo, written shortly after his arrival at Valley Forge.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 4:
From the journal of Chevalier de Pontgibaud, a French volunteer who joined the Continental Army at Valley Forge.
Next, go over the directions for the writing assignment. Have the students complete their stories for the next class period.
At the beginning of the second class period, have several volunteers read their stories to the class.
Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress.
The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.
See also, AMERICAN/U.S. HISTORY CURRICULUM LESSONS 31-45 of 150
LESSON 31: Colonial Period: Independent Study Guide
LESSON 32: French and Indian War
LESSON 33: Causes of the Revolutionary War
LESSON 34: The Revolutionary War Begins
LESSON 35: The Declaration of Independence
LESSON 36: Major Battles of the Revolution
LESSON 37: Winter at Valley Forge
LESSON 38: People of the Revolution
LESSON 39: Revolutionary War Period
LESSON 40: Jeopardy: Revolutionary War Period
LESSON 41: Timeline: Colonial Period and the Revolution
LESSON 42: Note Cards Game: Colonial Period and the Revolution
LESSON 43: Famous Person Study Guide
LESSON 44: United States in 1783
LESSON 45: Settlers Cross the Appalachians