To understand the plight of the Continental Army during the winter of 1777-1778.
1 and 1/2 class periods
Give each student a copy of pages 37A - 37C.
Read with the class the background information and the four primary source reading selections.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 1:
From the journal of Private James Martin, describing conditions in the Continental Army as the soldiers marched to Valley Forge.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 2:
From the journal of Dr. James Thacher, reporting on camp conditions and the leadership of General George Washington.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 3:
From the diary of Surgeon Albigence Waldo, written shortly after his arrival at Valley Forge.
PRIMARY SOURCE READING # 4:
From the journal of Chevalier de Pontgibaud, a French volunteer who joined the Continental Army at Valley Forge.
Go over the directions for the writing assignment. Have the students complete their stories for the next class period.
At the beginning of the second class period, have several volunteers read their stories to the class.
Easy-to-follow Teacher Instructions and answer key included, along with a 20-question follow up quiz to measure student progress. The quiz can also be given as a homework assignment.