Women Prior to 1920 Notes and lesson

Women Prior to 1920 Notes and lesson
Women Prior to 1920 Notes and lesson
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Worksheet/ Mini lesson on women's rights prior to 1920. Including
Name ________________________________ Date__________
Us History: Women’s movement Prior 1920 Period _________


Prior to 1920

I. BACKGROUND
A. Historically women have been considered intellectually inferior to men
B. Seen as a major source of temptation and evil
C. Considered naturally weaker than men

II. 15TH AMENDMENT- 1871/ SUFFRAGISTS

A. Grants African Americans the right to vote
B. Disappoints women who thought AA men and women could work together
C. Sojourner Truth
1. Slave that got freedom, challenged slavery
2. Fought for women’s rights
D. Susan B. Anthony- Suffragist fought for women’s rights- failed in Senate


III. 1900S- PROGRESSIVE ERA
A. Progressive Women
1. Jane Adams- Hull House
2. Ida Tarbell- Against Standard Oil
3. Ida B. Wells- Red Record
4. Florence Kelley- Anti- Child Labor & Worker’s Rights
5. Francis Willard- Women's Christian Temperance Union , Prohibition, Union
6. Women’s Christian Temperance Movement
a) Opened kindergartens for children of immigrants
b) Visited inmates in prisons and asylums
c) Worked for suffrage
d) (People who may not have accepted their ideas appreciated their
services and were sometimes swayed to their way of thinking)




e) PROBLEMS:
1. Conflict between culture of the immigrants and demands of WCTU
2. Saloons were places where people got reasonably good, hot meals, at reasonable prices, and could cash their paychecks
3. Taking the saloons away made life harder for some

IV. TWO ORGANIZATIONS FORMED:

a. National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA)
i. Founded by Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
ii. The more radical woman's suffrage group.
iii. Accepted only women and opposed the Fifteenth Amendment since it only enfranchised African-American men.
iv. Later led by Carrie Chapman Catt
1. Careful state by state strategy
2. Support Wilson even if he doesn’t outright support suffragists
3. Act like a lady! Don’t embarrass the movement


b. American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA)
i. More moderate in its views than the NWSA.
ii. Allowed men to join and rallied behind the Fifteenth Amendment as a step in the right direction toward greater civil rights for women.
iii. Leaders of the AWSA included Julia Ward Howe and Lucy Stone.
iv.

V. ALICE PAUL AND THE NATIONAL WOMAN’S PARTY
a. Aggressive strategy
i. Focused on passing a Constitutional Amendment
ii. Picked up un-lady-like strategies from British suffragists (heckling and picketing)
iii. Refused to support Wilson if he wouldn’t support woman’s suffrage
iv. Many members arrested for picketing in front of the White House- put in jail and went on hunger strike
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Women Prior to 1920 Notes and lesson
Women Prior to 1920 Notes and lesson
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