Teachers can create wonderful opportunities for students to immerse themselves in the details of an author’s writing craft by allowing students to create specific examples of figurative language that relate to unique characters and events from the novel. In the activities included in this lesson, teachers can select multiple types of figurative language for students to study before having students create examples or locate specific example in the text.
Teachers will instruct students that they will be studying figurative language, and in particular how figurative language is present in the specific text that they are studying. The teacher can pull specific examples of figurative language from the text, or use the same examples provided in this lesson. After explaining the role of figurative language and analyzing why an author may use a specific type of figurative language in his/her writing, the teacher will then have students create or locate examples of figurative language. By having students practice an author’s craft while attempting to describe characters or events unique to the text being studied, teachers can create an engaging and highly contextual method of teaching figurative language to students.
Once the teacher has selected the amount of time that they wish to dedicate to the preparation of the activity, they can introduce the activity to the students and explain the rationale and the rubric that students will be evaluated by. Teachers can determine how to assess the activity based on the specific content that they are looking for the students to comprehend.
Possible Outcomes of Figurative Language Activity
Below is a list of possible ways the teacher could have students use their figurative language:
- Submit examples as a collective assessment grade
- Engage in small group discussions and select model examples for each type of figurative language
- Engage in whole class discussions and select model examples for each type of figurative language
- Engage in group discussions to analyze the meaning of specific examples
- Complete a Gallery Walk where students showcase examples of figurative language
- Segue into a follow up activity where students rewrite a short part of the text with FL
- As a formative assessment to prepare students for later summative assessments
- As a game where groups or teams attempt to create examples within a time limit
- In groups, select group experts who can help other students to create examples