It is the fall of 1914, and World War I is raging in Europe. Twenty-five years of competition for colonies has turned Europe into a jungle in which nations are struggling for survival. Students partner together as American Senators, who are sitting peacefully across the Atlantic & watching the struggle. In order for the United States to declare war in the simulation, two-thirds of the states must agree to enter the war on the same side. For each year of World War I, students reflect on the following:
- Should the United States enter World War I?
- Against whom should the United States declare war?
- Background & Directions
- State & Senator Description (So Students know who their constituents are)
- Four Handouts for Each Year Before Entering WWI (1914, 1915, 1916, 1917). Each handout maps out the events of that year. (For example: 1914 starts with talking about Neutral Belgium being invaded).
- Powerpoint that correlates with the four handouts. Nice visuals and presentation notes.
- Zimmerman Telegram Primary Source (Usually the breaking point for our student senators)
- Voting Score Card to track Senators Votes for each year.
- Identifying Alternatives DBQ (Comparing Wilson & T.Roosevelt's Perspective on Entering the War) - Great for Homework!!!
- Exit Card
This simulation is one of my students favorite activity in the year.
Super engaging, extremely interactive, and every student enjoyed working together, discussing options and variables for entering the war. They truly had meaningful dialogue. Not to mention, they play a huge part in decision making!!! As a result, their test scores for the US entering World War I were phenomenal! I've also used this for observations with administration and they loved it.