World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ

World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ
World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ
World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ
World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ
World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ
World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ
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World War I and World War II: Expansion of War DBQ

World War I and World War II both began as localized wars. As the allies of the opposing combatants became involved in the wars, combat spread to distant parts of the world. Countries attacked each other’s colonies, attempted to gain territory for themselves, dedicated massive amounts of physical and human resources, and sometimes sought to kill entire populations. Lusitania This newspaper shows the headline and various articles about the sinking of the British passenger ship Lusitania during World War I.

Total War
A feature of warfare in the 20th century was how entire national economies were directed toward the war effort. As a result, civilians were not only potential victims of combat, but they also became actual targets themselves. Civilians also became active participants, producing arms, food, vehicles, and other goods needed for war. Many factories stopped producing consumer goods and began making products needed by the military


London

The photograph shows a section of London destroyed by bombs in the Battle of Britain during World War II.

DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
What effect do you think the kind of destruction shown in the photograph had on the residents of London?


Lusitania
This newspaper shows the headline and various articles about the sinking of the British passenger ship Lusitania during World War I. Note also the announcement from the German embassy warning civilians not to travel to Great Britain because Germany considered it a war zone.

DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
What effect would the headline and photograph have on the American public?


Genocide
Genocide is the calculated and methodical destruction of a national, religious, ethnic, or racial group. The perpetrators consider their victims inferior or wish to take over their lands and property, or both. The mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks beginning in 1915 is considered the first genocide of the 20th century. During the Holocaust, the Nazis killed more than 6 million people. As a result, in 1948 the United Nations approved an international convention to prevent and punish genocide


DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
What would be the result of scattering Armenian villagers in unfamiliar places under such terrible conditions?

Questions:
1. Judging from the examples on these two pages, in what ways did warfare expand to include civilians?

2. If civilians manufacture materials for the war effort, should they be military targets? Why or why not?

3. How did modern weaponry contribute to both the sinking of the Lusitania and the bombing of London?
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