In the wake of the US victory at Tarawa in November 1943, Allied forces continued their "island-hopping" campaign by moving against Japanese positions in Marshall Islands. Part of the "Eastern Mandates," the Marshall's were originally a German possession and were awarded to Japan after World War I.
Considered part of the outer ring of Japanese territory, planners in Tokyo decided after the loss of the Solomon's and New Guinea that the islands were expendable. With this in mind, what troops were available were shifted to the area to make the islands' capture as costly as possible.
The victory at Kwajalein broke a hole through the Japanese outer defenses and was a key step in the Allies' island-hopping campaign. In assessing the outcome at Kwajalein, Allied planners were pleased to find that the tactical changes made after the bloody assault on Tarawa had bore fruit and plans were made to attack Eniwetok Atoll on February 17th.
For the Japanese, the battle demonstrated that beachline defenses were too vulnerable to attack and that defense in-depth was necessary if they hoped to stop Allied assaults.
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