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World war I alliances in Europe Handout

World war I alliances in Europe Handout
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
Product Description
World war I alliances in Europe Handout
GERMANY
Chancellor Otto von Bismarck of Germany succeeded in unifying the German state from 1861 to 1871. After taking the Alsace-Lorraine territory from France, he feared a French retaliation causing Germany to seek alliances with powerful European states.
- The Dual Alliance (1879): Germany and Austria-
Hungary pledged to aid one another in case of an
attack by Russia.
- Exploited (Took advantage of) Italy’s anger towards
France and persuaded Italy into a Triple Alliance.
Adapted from HOLT: World History textbook

ITALY
Article II – The Triple Alliance Conference: May 20, 1882
“In case Italy, without direct provocation on her part, should be attacked by France for any reason whatsoever, the two other Contracting Parties shall be bound to lend help and assistance with all their forces to the Party attacked. This same obligation shall devolve upon Italy in case of an aggression without direct provocation by France against Germany.”





AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
Article I – The Dual Alliance Between Austria-Hungary and Germany, Done at Vienna, Austria: October 7, 1879
“Should, contrary to their hope, and against the loyal desire of the two High Contracting parties, one of the two Empires be attacked by Russia the High Contracting Parties are bound to come to the assistance one of the other with the whole war strength of their Empires, and accordingly only to conclude peace together and upon mutual agreement.”

GREAT BRITAIN
Troubled by the German naval buildup, the British searched for allies. After settling their conflicting claims in Africa, France and Great Britain soon became allies. In 1907, after agreeing to recognize each other’s land claims in Asia, Russian and Great Britain also became allies.
Adapted from HOLT: World History textbook

FRANCE
France worried about the escalating military development of Germany. Feeling low on nationalism, it sought a strong bond with Russia, designed to create a strong counter to the Triple Alliance. France’s main concerns were to protect against an attack from Germany, and to reincorporate the lost territories of Alsace-Lorraine.
Adapted from HOLT: World History textbook


RUSSIA
Russia, the largest Slavic country (remember Pan-Slavism? It wants all Slavic people under Russian control!), saw itself as the protector of the Balkan Slavs. Russia supported Serbia’s goals of unification and nationalism. Therefore, since Austria-Hungary was trying to control Serbia, Russia stepped in to protect the Serbs along with the help of Great Britain and France.
Adapted from HOLT: World History textbook














Complete a color-coded MAP on your Museum Walk Guide
using the provided markers/colored pencils at the station.


ITALY
Italy’s ideas for maintaining the balance of power in Europe caused them to flip-flop between sides during both World Wars. In World War I, Italy began sided with the Triple Alliance because they wanted to position with the more aggressive states. However, their needed access to the Mediterranean for access to African and Indian colonies required they improve relations with Great Britain. This led to their switch to the Allied Powers in the middle of the war.

Total Pages
5 pages
Answer Key
N/A
Teaching Duration
N/A
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