"Think of writing like it is basketball. The hoop is the “purpose” or “theme,” and you can use a variety of moves to get to that hoop: head-fake, crossover, bounce pass. Writers can use many moves like literary and rhetorical devices (similes, various forms of evidence, hyperbole, etc.). These moves are used in order to accomplish a larger purpose. The purpose (hoop) can be the overall theme of a text or a specific claim the author is trying to argue. Analysis of text is a way for us to learn moves from other writers and apply them to our own writing."
How I used it:
Whether we were analyzing narrative or nonfiction texts, I would have students use this worksheet in order to pull out specific strategies that they saw writers using. We would add to the worksheet over one longer text or use it for multiple pieces of writing. The first couple of times, I would model for the students to understand what I was looking for and often let them work in groups to find ideas for writer moves they saw in the text.
It is also helpful to brainstorm as a class or keep a running list on the board of different types of moves writers can employ (rhetorical questions, alliteration, repetition, anecdotes, ambiguity, imagery, etc.). The possibilities for the different types of writer moves are endless. The goal is to help students start to be able to notice the "moves" (tools, strategies, techniques) writers are using in order to better analyze the text and apply the "moves" to their own writing.
Students would keep the paper in their binders or interactive notebooks. We always made sure to share after completing one of the moves because each student or group often found different moves. This helped others look at the text in a new way. Students would often look back at these worksheet when completing their own writing in order to get ideas for what tools they could use in order to accomplish their specific goal.