The Common Core Vocabulary Toolkit Grade 4
provides systematic, efficient, and effective vocabulary instruction aligned to the Common Core State Standards. If you are looking for a comprehensive program to teach each of the grade-level Common Core Vocabulary Standards, the Common Core Vocabulary Toolkit
is just what your students need. Each grade-level program includes the following resources:
56 Common Core Vocabulary Standard Worksheets
Multiple Meaning Words (L.4.a.)
Students practice grade-level homonyms (same spelling and sound) in context clue sentences which show the different meanings and function (part of speech) for each word.
Greek and Latin Word Parts (L.4.a.)
Three criteria were applied to choose the grade-level prefixes, roots, and suffixes:
1. Frequency research 2. Utility for grade-level Tier 2 words 3. Pairing
Each odd-numbered vocabulary worksheet pairs a Greek or Latin prefix-root or root-suffix combination to enhance memorization and to demonstrate utility of the Greek and Latin word parts. For example, pre (before)
is paired with view (to see)
. Students use these combinations to make educated guesses about the meaning of the whole word. This word analysis is critical to teaching students how to problem-solve the meanings of unknown words.
Language Resources (L.4.c.d.)
Students look up the Greek and Latin whole word in a dictionary
(print or online) to compare and contrast their educated guesses to the denotative definition of the word. Students divide the vocabulary word into syl/la/bles, mark its primary áccent, list its part of speech, and write its primary definition.
Additionally, students write synonyms, antonyms, or inflected forms of the word, using either the dictionary or thesaurus
(print or online). This activity helps students develop a more precise understanding of the word.
Figures of Speech (L.5.a.)
Students learn a variety of figures of speech (non-literal expression used by a certain group of people). The Standards assign specific types of figures of speech to each grade level. Students must interpret sentences which use the figures of speech on the biweekly unit tests.
Word Relationships (L.5.b.)
Students use context clue strategies to figure out the different meanings of homonyms in our Multiple Meaning Words section. In the Word Relationships section, students must apply context clues strategies to show the different meanings of word pairs. The program’s S.A.L.E. Context Clues Strategies
will help students problem-solve the meanings of unknown words in their reading.
Students practice these context clue strategies by learning the categories of word relationships. For example, the vocabulary words, infection to diagnosis
, indicate a problem to solution
word relationship category.
Connotations: Shades of Meaning (L.5.c.)
Students learn two new grade-level vocabulary words which have similar denotative meanings, but different connotative meanings
. From the provided definitions, students write these new words on a semantic spectrum
to fit in with two similar words, which most of your students will already know. For example, the two new words, abundant and scarce
would fit in with the already known words, plentiful and rare
in this semantic order: abundant–plentiful–scarce–rare
Academic Language (L.6.0)
The Common Core authors state that Tier 2
words (academic vocabulary) should be the focus of vocabulary instruction. Many of these words will be discovered and learned implicitly or explicitly in the context of challenging reading, using appropriately leveled independent reading, such as grade-level class novels, and learning specific reading strategies, such as close reading with shorter, focused text.
However, direct instruction of high utility and high frequency academic vocabulary is certainly worthwhile. The Academic Language section of the vocabulary worksheets provides two grade-level words from the research-based Academic Word List
. Students use the Frayer model four square (definition, synonym, antonym, and example-characteristic-picture) method to learn these words. The Common Core authors and reading specialists (like me) refer to this process as learning vocabulary with depth of instruction.
Vocabulary Study Guides
Vocabulary study guides are provided for each of the weekly paired lessons for whole-class review, vocabulary games, and individual practice. Print back-to-back and have students fold to study
Plus, get these essential vocabulary resources in the toolkit:
* Vocabulary Tests
–Biweekly Vocabulary Tests assess both memorization and application. The first section of each test is simple matching. The second section of each test requires students to apply the vocabulary in the writing context. Answers follow.
* Syllable Blending, Syllable Worksheets, and Derivatives Worksheets:
Whole class syllable blending “openers” will help your students learn the rules of structural analysis, including proper pronunciation, syllable division, accent placement, and derivatives. Each “opener” includes a Syllable Worksheet and a Derivatives Worksheet for individual practice. Answers follow.
* Context Clues Strategies–
Students learn the FP’S BAG SALE approach to learning the meanings of unknown words through surrounding context clues. Context clue worksheets will help students master the S.A.L.E. Context Clue Strategies.
* Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Resources–
Greek and Latin word parts lists, vocabulary review games, vocabulary steps, and semantic spectrums provide additional vocabulary instructional resources.
Students who complete each of the Grades 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 Common Core Vocabulary Toolkit
grade-level programs will have practiced and learned much of the Academic Word Corpus and all of the skills of vocabulary acquisition. These students will have gained a comprehensive understanding of academic language and will be well-equipped to apply the skills of context clues strategies and structural analysis to read well and write with precision.
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