This resource is a problem set where students must match the 6 multiplication sentences to their corresponding model and then answer questions explaining their thinking. Each multiplication results in the same answer but has different factors, allowing students to make connections between models and thoroughly think through the process of multiplication and the role of place value in multiplication. Students are further challenged to write other multiplication problems resulting in the same answer.
This resource can be used as an in-class activity, as an early-finisher task, as homework or as part of stations. Debriefing student thinking after having students solve individually/with a partner is a great way to encourage sharing of ideas and to help struggling students hear the different ways to think about and match the multiplication sentences. This resource is aligned to 4.NBT.B.5 and can be used to build foundation for 5.NBT.B.5 where students are required to use the standard algorithm for multiplication. This resource can also help students in older grades who struggle with multiplication to see the connection between the standard algorithm and partial products and also to help them understand the role of place value in multiplication.