This is a sample chapter from my full book on ten frames. This sample includes the full introduction and chapter 2, which provides guided teaching notes, hands-on activities, and journal template pages.
The full ebook contains 4 lessons. Each lesson includes full explanations for teachers, activities for students (including printable journal pages for practice), and learning games; the entire unit is designed to help foster number sense, mathematical communication, and discovery-based learning.
Lesson 1 begins with number recognition from 1 - 10 focusing on building numbers in groups of 5. It then moves up to recognizing and building numbers up through 20.
Lesson 2 focuses on addition up through 20 with an emphasis on combinations of numbers that add to 10 and their associated fact families.
Lesson 3 goes on to more complex addition (up through 100) and teaches students to break numbers up into groups of 10's and 5's and re-arrange as needed to come up with the answer. The strategies explained here help to build a strong conceptual understanding of addition rather than emphasizing an algorithm (set of steps to follow).
Lesson 4 teaches students to subtract numbers (up through 100) by visualizing them in groups of 10's (with sub-groups of 5's).
You can see the full product here: Ten Frames (counting, adding, subtracting through 100)- lessons, notes, practice